Rector of the State Islamic Institute of Religion (IAIN) Palu, Central Sulawesi, Prof. Dr. KH. Sagaf S Pettalongi, M.Pd said that the patriarchal culture in the community contributed greatly to hampering the progress of women in the regions.
"The patriarchal culture is still very thick in regions in Indonesia. This culture influences the way of life of the people to this day," said Prof. Dr. KH. Sagaf Pettalongi M.Pd, in Palu, Thursday.
Patriarchal culture is one of the factors causing gender bias in society. An understanding and perspective that Adam is stronger and more able to do, and women as a weak component or can only do activities at home washing, cooking and so on, is a gender biased understanding, in society.
"Well, that understanding and perspective is shaped by the patriarchal culture that exists in society. This is one of the causes of the decline of women," said Prof. Sagaf Pettalongi.
In patriarchal culture, from an early age, children have been educated according to the patriarchal paradigm, boys and girls are treated differently according to that paradigm. The initial formation of men who were directed to be strong and macho while women only took care of dolls at home, were the seeds of a patriarchal society.
Understanding that men are stronger than women, said Prof. Sagaf Pettalongi is an unequal perspective of gender. The existence of this perspective becomes a big challenge in the effort to realize equal distribution and fulfillment of equal rights between men and women
"This understanding is at the same time a factor in the high level of violence against women. Understanding that women must be subject to men, tends to be in some communities accompanied by the treatment of violence and even the occurrence of domestic violence," said Deputy Chairman of the Central Sulawesi MUI.
Therefore, Prof. Sagaf said, one of the steps that must be taken to end violence against women both physically and psychologically, must be done with the fulfillment of rights approaches.
Women's rights must be given a large space to develop their potential, beginning with changing the perspective of society in order to erode patriarchal culture.
"So patriarchal culture must be fought. Fighted by giving a broad understanding to the community that women also have the same rights as the Adam, not just cooking and washing," he said.
Islam upholds the equality of rights between men and women, so that if women are prohibited from occupying important positions, then it has no basis.
The statement of Prof. Sagaf quotes the Word of God in surah Al-Taubat verse 71 reads "And those who believe, men and women, some of them (are) leaders of others. They order (do) those who are ma'ruf, prevent from being munkar, establish prayers, perform alms and they obey Allah and His Messenger. They will be given mercy by Allah; surely Allah is Mighty, Most Wise ".